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    托福考試指南_托福新生必修課 托福考點評價_托福考點哪個好 托福早練團 帶你早起帶你飛
    托福考試分為閱讀、聽力、口語、寫作四部分。寫作部分具體怎么考呢?通過下面這張信息圖,你就可以看明白啦!

    托福作文部分包括兩道試題,需在大約50分鐘的時間內完成。

    第一部分是綜合寫作,以閱讀或聽力材料為基礎的寫作試題,寫作時間為20分鐘。考生首先需要閱讀一篇學術演講,閱讀的時間是3分鐘。然后文章隱去,這時考生需要聽一段大約為1分半鐘的演講。之后考生在寫作文時仍可以看到閱讀材料。在聽錄音的過程中考生可以做筆記來幫助答題。余下20分鐘的時間用來總結聽力材料中的要點,并解釋這些要點與閱讀材料中的要求有何不同。通常有效的回答應是一篇150~225個單詞的作文。

    第二部分是獨立寫作,寫作時間為30分鐘。與現行機考托福的寫作或托福寫作考試(TWE)類似需要考生根據自己的知識和經驗陳述、解釋并支持對待某一問題的某個看法。雖然理論上字數沒有上限,但是通常有效的回答應是一篇300個單詞左右的作文。考查綜合語言技能的作文題目的評分以回答的質量、完整性和準確性為依據...>>點擊查看托福寫作評分標準

    托福寫作評分方法:托福寫作評分包括機器評分以及人工評分兩部分。機器評分主要通過E-rater,對考生文章的語法是否正確、用詞是否得當、以及單詞拼寫及大小寫是否準確等方面進行評分;一篇考生的文章會經過兩臺機器評分。人工評分通過ETS閱卷人評分,綜合寫作和獨立寫作分別有兩位閱卷人給出分數。托福寫作原始分數為0-5分,考生得分分為三個level(如下圖所示):GOOD(4.0-5.0),FAIR(2.5-3.5),LIMITED(1.0-2.0),最終成績通過兩個科目的分數取平均分,再換算為30分制的分數...>>點擊查看托福寫作分數換算表

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    Integrated Writing:A response at this level successfully selects the important information from the lecture and coherently and accurately presents this information in relation to the relevant information presented in the reading. The response is well organized, and occasional language errors that are present do not result in inaccurateor imprecise presentation of content or connections.

    綜合寫作:能夠成功地選擇講座中的重要信息,并連貫準確地結合閱讀中的相關信息進行表達;結構清晰,偶爾出現的語言錯誤并不影響內容和觀點的準確表達...>>詳情

    Independent Writing:Effectively addresses the topic and task; Is well organized and well developed, using clearly appropriate explanations,exemplifications, and/or details; Displays unity, progression, and coherence; Displays consistent facility in the use of language, demonstrating syntactic variety, appropriate word choice, and idiomaticity, though it may have minor lexical or grammatical errors.

    獨立寫作:此分數的文章大體有以下特點: 有效地針對話題完成任務;能充分展開,結構清晰,使用適當的解釋,例證和/或細節;體現出一致、遞進、連貫的特點;語言熟練,能使用不同的句法、合適的措辭和習語,允許出現次要的詞匯或語法錯誤...>>詳情

    Integrated Writing:A response at this level is generally good in selecting the important information from the lecture and in coherently and accurately presenting this information in relation to the relevant information in the reading, but it may have minor omission, inaccuracy, vagueness, or imprecision of some content from the lecture or in connection to points made in the reading. A response is also scored at this level if it has more frequent or noticeable minor language errors, as long as such usage and grammatical structures do not result in anything more than an occasional lapse of clarity or in the connection of ideas.

    綜合寫作:總體上能夠很好地選擇講座中的重要信息,并連貫準確地結合閱讀中的相關信息進行表達。但是在從講座中選擇材料和聯系閱讀中的論點時存在次要的信息遺漏、不準確或是意思含混不清。得此分數的另一種情況是,作文中存在較頻繁或者明顯的次要語言錯誤,但是這些錯誤用法和語法結構只停留在表達清晰度或是論點聯系方面的偶爾錯誤...>>詳情

    Independent Writing:Addresses the topic and task well, though some points may not be fully elaborated; Is generally well organized and well developed, using appropriate and sufficient explanations, exemplifications, and/or details; Displays unity, progression, and coherence, though it may contain occasional redundancy, digression, or unclear connections; Displays facility in the use of language, demonstrating syntactic variety and range of vocabulary, though it will probably have occasional noticeable minor errors in structure, word form, or use of idiomatic language that do not interfere with meaning.

    獨立寫作:此分數的文章大體有一下的特點: 很好地針對話題完成任務,但是一些論點沒有充分展開;總體上能夠充分展開,結構清晰,使用適當的解釋、例證和/或細節 體現出一致、遞進、連貫的特點。但是存在偶爾沒必要的重復、離題或是不清楚的聯系;語言熟練,能使用出不同的句法和詞匯。但是在結構、詞匯、或是習慣用法上存在明顯的次要錯誤,盡管這些錯誤并不影響意思的表達...>>詳情

    Integrated Writing:A response at this level contains some important information from the lecture and conveys some relevant connection to the reading, but it is marked by one or more of the following: Although the overall response is definitely oriented to the task, it conveys only vague, global, unclear, or somewhat imprecise connection of the points made in the lecture to points made in the reading; The response may omit one major key point made in the lecture; Some key points made in the lecture or the reading, or connections between the two, may be incomplete, inaccurate, or imprecise; Errors of usage and/or grammar may be more frequent or may result in noticeably vague expressions or obscured meanings in conveying ideas and connections.Score Task Description.

    綜合寫作:包括了講座中的重要信息并表達了和閱讀文章的相關聯系,但是卻存在以下問題: 盡管總體上按照任務要求寫,但是在聯系講座和閱讀的論點方面表達模糊、籠統,缺乏細節,不是很準確;遺漏了講座中的關鍵論點;沒有完整、清晰、準確地論述一些講座或是閱讀中的關鍵論點或是表達講座和閱讀的聯系;用詞和/或語法錯誤較頻繁,導致較明顯的意思表達不清或是在表達論點和聯系時意思模糊...>>詳情

    Independent Writing:Addresses the topic and task using somewhat developed explanations, exemplifications, and/or details; Displays unity, progression, and coherence, though connection of ideas may be occasionally obscured; May demonstrate inconsistent facility in sentence formation and word choice that may result in lack of clarity and occasionally obscure meaning; May display accurate but limited range of syntactic structures and.

    獨立寫作:此分數的文章有以下問題: 針對話題完成任務時所用的解釋、例證和/或細節沒有充分展開;體現一致、遞進、連貫的特點,但是偶爾出現觀點的聯系不清;造句和選詞的不熟悉使得文章缺乏清晰度,并且偶爾使意思含混不清;句式結構和詞匯使用準確但是存在局限性...>>詳情

    Integrated Writing:A response at this level contains some relevant information from the lecture, but is marked by significant language difficulties or by significant omission or inaccuracy of important ideas from the lecture or in the connections between the lecture and the reading; a response at this level is marked by one or more of the following; The response significantly misrepresents or completely omits the overall connection between the lecture and the reading; The response significantly omits or significantly misrepresents important points made in the lecture; The response contains language errors or expressions that largely obscure connections or meaning at key junctures, or that would likely obscure understanding of key ideas for a reader not already familiar with the reading and the lecture.

    綜合寫作:包括了講座中的相關信息,但是卻存在嚴重的語言表達困難,或在表達講座內容以及闡述講座和閱讀內容聯系方面存在重要論點的表達不準確或遺漏。具體問題有: 嚴重曲解了或是完全遺漏了講座和閱讀的聯系;嚴重遺漏或曲解演講中的重要信息;語言和表達錯誤嚴重影響了講座和閱讀的聯系或是關鍵信息的意思。如果讀者對閱讀和講座內容不熟悉,讀此文章時可能對關鍵論點理解不清...>>詳情

    Independent Writing:Limited development in response to the topic and task; Inadequate organization or connection of ideas; Inappropriate or insufficient exemplifications, explanations, or details; to support or illustrate generalizations in response to the task; A noticeably inappropriate choice of words or word forms; An accumulation of errors in sentence structure and/or usage.

    獨立寫作:此分數的文章有以下不足: 針對話題完成任務時論點展開有限;結構不太清晰或論點之間的聯系不充分;支持或是闡述論點時所使用的解釋、例證和/和細節不合適或不充分;存在明顯的選詞和/或拼寫錯誤;句子結構和/或用法上存在大量的錯誤...>>詳情

    Integrated Writing:The response provides little or no meaningful or relevant coherent content from the lecture; The language level of the response is so low that it is difficult to derive meaning.

    綜合寫作:此得分的作文存在以下問題: 幾乎沒有提供有意義的或是相對連貫的講座內容;語言水平很低,詞不達意...>>詳情

    Independent Writing:Serious disorganization or underdevelopment; Little or no detail, or irrelevant specifics, or questionable responsiveness to the task; Serious and frequent errors in sentence structure or usage.

    獨立寫作:此得分的作文存在以下嚴重缺陷: 文章嚴重缺乏組織和展開;細節很少,或根本沒有、或不相關、或是完成任務是存在很大的問題;句子結構或用法存在嚴重又頻繁的錯誤...>>詳情

    Integrated Writing:Topic or is otherwise not connected to the topic, is written in a foreign language,consists of keystroke characters, or is blank.

    綜合寫作:僅僅是從閱讀中抄句子,拒絕針對話題寫作,或所寫和話題根本無關系,或用其他語言寫作,或文中只包括無意義的鍵盤符號,或是什么也不寫...>>詳情

    Independent Writing:An essay at this level merely copies words from the topic, rejects the topic, or is otherwise not connected to the topic, is written in a foreign language, consists of keystroke characters, or is blank.

    獨立寫作:僅僅是從題目中抄句子,拒絕針對話題寫作,或所寫和話題根本無關,或用其他語言寫作,或文中只包括無意義的鍵盤符號,或是什么也不寫...>>詳情


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